By Prof. Claudia
Adverbs are words that modify or describe a verb. A common ending for Portuguese adverbs is mente. To create an adverb in Portuguese normally you add mente to the noun.

Activity 1
Read part of the song Certas Coisas”, by Lulu Santos:

“Tudo o que cala everything left unsaid
Fala mais alto ao coraão speaks louder to the heart
Silenciosamente silently
Eu te falo com paixão…”I speak to you passionately

The adverb silenciosamente modifies or tells us something about the action or verb, which in this case is falar.

Activity 2
Now try to rewrite these sentences with adverbs, substituting the underlined words:

a. Eu espero com pacincia. I wait patiently
b. Eles comem com pressa. they eat hurriedly
c. Nós trabalhamos com cuidado. we work carefully

Answers:
a. Eu espero pacientemente.
b. Eles comem apressadamente.
c. Nós trabalhamos cuidadosamente.

Activity 3
If you re-read the sentences above, you will find another kind of adverb, the use of “com + noun” for example:
Com profissionalismo (ou profissionalmente) professionally
Com objetividade (ou objetivamente) objectively
Com lentidão (ou lentamente) slowly

Activity 4
As in English, there are some irregular adverb.
Check a few of them:
As crianas lem bem. the children read well
Esse peixe est cheirando mal. this fish smells bad

Activity 5
Now let’s return to the song Certas Coisas, by Lulu Santos, as there is one more example of an adverb. Did you manage to find it?
The two last words: com paixão, or apaixonadamente. passionately

See you next class!
Prof. Cludia

To read previous articles by Prof. Claudia click below
Portuguese Tips: Comparative and Superlative

Prof. Claudia is available for private classes in São Paulo. She can be contacted at claudiafmla@uol.com.br

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