By Teacher Claudia

Dear readers, first of all, thanks for your e-mails. It’s rewarding to know someone is reading my tips, and these are of some help.

Going back to the X Doubts, we do have some tricky letters in Brazil, mainly x, , s and z. Today we’ll learn more about the letter X in Brazilian Portuguese.

Activity 1

Introduction.

Read the passage:

No outro dia, no meio da chuva, eu vi um ex-aluno

Ele pegou um txi, e a chuva ficou por trs dele, como uma cortina de gua

Por que ele não me viu?”

(The other day, in the middle of the rain, I saw an ex-student

He took a taxi and the rain was behind him, as a curtain of water

Why didn’t he see me?)

Activity 2

Learn the three general aspects of X.

I. It’s used:

1. When the first syllable of a word is “en”: enxaguar, enxame, enxaqueca;

2. After the diphthongs “ai, ei, ou”: baixo, peixe, frouxo.

II. Its four different sounds:

1. As ch: bruxa, coxa, xerife;

2. As z: exagero, exato, exausto;

3. As ks: txi, tóxico, fluxo;

4. As s: texto, extremo, extinto.

III. Its nemesis, ch, because they sound the same: chave, lixo, chuchu.

Can you know the spelling, by just saying the words?

Activity 3

Expand your vocabulary.

Some words are written with ch, others with X.

Ch ones: cachimbo, chicote, machado, cochichar.

X ones: bexiga, caxumba, faxina, mexerico.

Activity 4

Practice a little.

Complete these words:

En.ergar – to see

En.ugar – to dry

En.urrada – flood

Activity 5

A little more.

Now you complete and translate by yourself:

Amei.a

Cai.a

Dei.ar

Quei…a

Quei…o

Sei…o

Activity 6

Use your memory.

Complete the words with X or ch, according to what you’ve already learnt of Portuguese.

Word

Translation

Word

Translation

Bo…e…a

cheek

Li…o

garbage

Bro.e

brooch

Lu…o

luxury

.aleira

kettle

Me…er

to stir

.amin

chimney

Pu.ar

to pull

Words written with …

Words written with .

Activity 7

Use your ears!

Separate the words according to their sound, but first speak them out loud, to remember them.

xingar / fixar / flexão / expulsar / xarope / expansão / xodo / excursão / xereta / exaltar / nexo / executivo

Sound of ch:

1. ………………………………….

2. ………………………………….

3. ………………………………….

Sound of z:

4. ………………………………….

5. ………………………………….

6. ………………………………….

Sound of ks:

7. ………………………………….

8. ………………………………….

9. ………………………………….

Sound of s:

10. ………………………………….

11. ………………………………….

12. ………………………………….

That’s all, see you next class!

Teacher Claudia is available for private classes in São Paulo. She can be contacted at claudiafmla@uol.com.br

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