Portuguese Tip: Regularity of Verbs in Portuguese – Final Part

By Teacher Claudia
May 25, 2007

Dear readers, today we’ll see the last part of the regularity of verbs in Portuguese, concerning Second and Third Conjugations.

Activity 1 – Introduction
Read a piece of the song Cara Valente”, by Maria Rita.

Foi escolher o mal-me-quer
Entre o amor de uma mulher
E as certezas do caminho
Ele não pde se entregar
E agora vai ter de pagar com o coraão.


(Bold guy

He chose loves-me-not
Between a woman’s love
And the well-known way
He could not surrender
And now he will pay
With his heart.)

Activity 2 – Context
Dear students, there are some conjugated verbs in italics in the song above: foi, pde, vai, ter. As you know, foi is from “ir”, pde from “poder”, vai from “ir” again, and ter is already in the infinitive form. It’s not coincidental that these verbs end either in “er” or “ir”.
They are from the Second (“er”) and Third Conjugations (“ir”), our object of study today.

Activity 3 – Form
The Second Conjugation consists of all verbs ending in “er”. Among many considered difficult verbs in Portuguese, one that is particularly tricky is “caber”, to fit. Here it is, in the Present of the Indicative.

Eu caibo
Voc, ele, ela cabe
Nós cabemos
Vocs, eles, elas cabem


Activity 4 – A curiosity!
If you are a little acquainted with verbal study, you may be asking yourself, Where are the verbs ending in “or”? Well dear reader, verbs of that kind, for ex, “por”, and all its related ones, such as “transpor”, “expor”, “supor” etc belong to the Second Conjugation, because in the past their ending was “oer”. Personally, I’m not a fan of such verbs, due to their sound. Here is their so-called father, “por” because all of “or” ended verbs follow its conjugation.

Eu ponho
Voc, ele, ela pe
Nós pomos
Vocs, eles, elas pem


Activity 5 – Form: Third Conjugation
Besides all verbs ending in “ir”, the Third Conjugation also considers verbs ending in “air” and “uir”, because these receive an “i” on the second and third persons of the singular form in the Indicative. Look:

Cair (to fall)Possuir (to own)
Eu caioPossuo
Voc, ele, ela caiPossui
Nós camosPossumos
Vocs, eles, elas caemPossuem


Most used verbs that follow “cair”: sair, atrair, esvair, trair. Most used verbs that follow “possuir”: atribuir, anuir, contribuir, influir, evoluir, distribuir, and retribuir.

Activity 6 – Practice
Finally, dear student! This is the last exercise of verbal conjugation! (at least for now…). Practice these, in the simple present and simple past:

1. Expor – Trazer
2. Atrair – Evoluir

ERRATA
Dear reader, I’ve made a typing mistake on my last tip. In Activity 4, instead of “most used irregular verbs”, I should have typed “most used verbs”. That’s it.

See you next week!

Teacher Claudia is available for private classes in São Paulo. She can be contacted at claudiafmla@uol.com.br

To read previous articles by Teacher Claudia click below:

Portuguese Tip: Regularity of Verbs in Portuguese – Exceptions
Portuguese Tip: Regularity of Verbs
Brazil: A Day in São Paulo
Why Not? (Or on Brazilian Indians)
Portuguese Tip: Infinitives and Gerunds Part 1
Brazil: Portuguese Tip – Ningum X Nenhum
Brazil: Portuguese Tip – Tudo vs. Todo
Brazil’s Independence Day
Brazil: Portuguese Tips – Denials
Brazil: Portuguese Tips – Não and Nem
Portuguese Tip: If Clauses Part 1
Portuguese Tip: If Clauses Part 1
Portuguese Tip: The X Doubts Part 2
Portuguese Tip: The X Doubts
Brazil: To Tell or Not to Tell
Brazil: Ipiranga Museum
Portuguese Tip: Odd words
Portuguese Tip: Interjections and Expressions
A Brazilian Holiday: October 12th
Portuguese Tip: Sounds
Portuguese Tip: Verb Tenses
Portuguese Tip: The Mystery of Seu, Sua
Portuguese Tip: Interjections and Expressions
Portuguese Tips: Plurals – Part 2
A Brazilian custom: Kissing the Cheek
Portuguese Tips: Regular Verbs – Simple Past
Portuguese Tips: Plurals – Part 1
Portuguese Tips: Regular Verbs – Simple Present
Portuguese Tips
Portuguese Tips: Adverbs in Portuguese
Portuguese Tips: Comparative and Superlative
Foreigners Through Brazilian Eyes

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