Portuguese Tip: Regularity of Verbs in Portuguese – Exceptions

By Teacher Claudia
May 19, 2007

Dear readers, you did surprise me with the final result on my poll, How often would you like to read Portuguese tips on the site?, as 66% of you answered Every week”! I knew, from the emails I get as feedback, that there were people already reading me in several countries, but I had no idea that they were actually following my tips.

As I live and die for my students, from now on you’ll have a weekly tip, and I’ll be a lot busier! Today we’ll see the regularity of verbs in Portuguese, regarding the Special Cases of the First Conjugation.

Activity 1 – Introduction
Read a piece of the song “Olhos Certos”, by Detonautas.

Tento te encontrar
Tanto pra dizer.

Meu amor, tudo bem
Sorte de nós dois
Quero te fazer feliz
Meu amor, sempre quis.

Seus olhos certos, mas não sei o que dizer
Eu não vou, mas o tempo vem.
T tudo certo, mas não sei o que dizer
Eu não vou, mas o tempo vem aqui.


(Correct Eyes

I try to find you
So much to say.

My love, it’s all right
We’re the lucky ones
I want to make you happy
My love, I’ve always wanted to.

Your correct eyes, but I don’t know what to say
I don’t go, but time comes.
It’s all right, but don’t know what to say
I don’t go, but time comes.)

Activity 2 – Context
Dear students, there are several verbs in italics in the song above, dizer, fazer, ir, vir, estar, saber.

If you remember the last exercise of my previous tip, there was the verb “por” there, just as a reminder of our “different’ verbs. They are irregular, or verbs that needn’t follow rules whatsoever. They are special.

Activity 3
The First Conjugation considers verbs ending in “ar”, as well as its related ones, such as “ear” and “iar”.

  • “ear”

  • All verbs ending in “ear” are irregular, because they receive an “i” in the present of the Indicative and in the present of Subjunctive, on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd persons of the singular form and on the 3rd of the plural.

    Read the verb “frear”:

    Eu freio
    Voc, ele, ela freia
    Nós freamos
    Vocs, eles, elas freiam


  • “iar”

  • There are many verbs ending in “iar”. They can be either regular or irregular, observe:

    Negociar (regular) Odiar (irregular)
    Eu negocio Odeio
    Voc, ele, ela negocia Odeia
    Nós negociamos Odiamos
    Vocs, eles, elas negociam Odeiam


    Activity 4
    To help you a little bit, I&rsquot;ve divided the most used irregular verbs in two groups:

    Regular verbs ending in “iar” Irregular verbs ending in “iar”
    Afiar / agenciar / comerciar / criar / esfriar / licenciar / miar / negociar / premiar / providenciar / sentenciar / silenciar / vadiar Memorize the name MARIO:M: mediarA: ansiarR: remediarI: incendiarO: odiar


    Activity 5 – Practice
    Once again, it’s time for you to exercise your verbs. Practice these, in the simple present and simple past:

    1. Passear
    2. Providenciar
    3. Mediar


    See you next week!

    Teacher Claudia is available for private classes in São Paulo. She can be contacted at claudiafmla@uol.com.br

    To read previous articles by Teacher Claudia click below:

    Portuguese Tip: Regularity of Verbs
    Brazil: A Day in São Paulo
    Why Not? (Or on Brazilian Indians)
    Portuguese Tip: Infinitives and Gerunds Part 1
    Brazil: Portuguese Tip – Ningum X Nenhum
    Brazil: Portuguese Tip – Tudo vs. Todo
    Brazil’s Independence Day
    Brazil: Portuguese Tips – Denials
    Brazil: Portuguese Tips – Não and Nem
    Portuguese Tip: If Clauses Part 1
    Portuguese Tip: If Clauses Part 1
    Portuguese Tip: The X Doubts Part 2
    Portuguese Tip: The X Doubts
    Brazil: To Tell or Not to Tell
    Brazil: Ipiranga Museum
    Portuguese Tip: Odd words
    Portuguese Tip: Interjections and Expressions
    A Brazilian Holiday: October 12th
    Portuguese Tip: Sounds
    Portuguese Tip: Verb Tenses
    Portuguese Tip: The Mystery of Seu, Sua
    Portuguese Tip: Interjections and Expressions
    Portuguese Tips: Plurals – Part 2
    A Brazilian custom: Kissing the Cheek
    Portuguese Tips: Regular Verbs – Simple Past
    Portuguese Tips: Plurals – Part 1
    Portuguese Tips: Regular Verbs – Simple Present
    Portuguese Tips
    Portuguese Tips: Adverbs in Portuguese
    Portuguese Tips: Comparative and Superlative
    Foreigners Through Brazilian Eyes

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