Born and raised in Chicago, musician Sweet Home São Paulo at Finnegan’s Pub. Reserve a table for a special evening of Guinness, friendship, and music.

Finnegan’s Irish Pub
Rua Cristiano Viana, 358 – Pinheiros
São Paulo, São Paulo
Reserve a table: (11) 3062-3232
The music starts at 10:00 pm (30th July)
R$10 at the door

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July 29, 2009

Here is an update on some events organised by the St Andrew’s Society not-for-profit organization, which aims to promote Scottish culture and raise charitable donations for SP children’ charities.

The St Andrew’s Society has a number of top events coming up all of which are milestones in the expat calendar in São Paulo:

  • Aug 19 at the British Brazilian Center – Winter Ceilidh and Curry Night – a fun evening celebrating Scottish Dance and an opportunity to enjoy that most British of dishes, Chicken Tikka Masala”. Dress code Casual or Kilts. Tickets at the door – R$40. Scottish Dance Practice on Aug 3 at 8pm the British Brazilian Center if you wish to brush up beforehand.
  • Sept 26 at the Rosa Rosarum – The 2009 Caledonian Ball – The glamourous “black- tie or kilt” Caledonian Ball is the premier event in the São Paulo ex-pat community calendar and a wonderful opportunity to enjoy a lively and high-energy evening. Our very own newly formed St. Andrew Society Pipe Band will “raise the roof” and lead us into dinner in a the traditional Grand March. The glittering event to celebrate Scottish culture will be crowned by the presence of the famous Ian MacPhail band which will fly in from Scotland. A full programme of Scottish country and ceilidh dances is planned which will have everyone (Scottish dancing experts or not!) on the dance floor. Tickets – R$225 (R$175 for <30>70 yrs). Reservations and details of Scottish Dance Practices to brush up your favourite dances (not mandatory for the feint of heart!). Proceeds to charity.
  • Oct 27 at Drake’s – Quiz Night – our difficult task will be to exceed to the grey matter burn out we all experienced at the last quiz night (good beer also did its part) – stimulating and highly entertaining.

    More details at

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    By Joe Lopes
    July 29, 2009

    Please answer the following question: what do Portuguese fado, Italian opera, and Msica Popular Brasileira (Brazilian popular music”) have in common? Give up? Many people already have. Outside of the fact they are all separate styles of music, each with its own specific method of interpretation and delivery, these varied musical genres have given rise to a wealth of capable performers.

    In his latest article, writer and contributor Joe Lopes delves into the successful careers of three of the most “capable” of these interpreters, none of whom is Italian. All three share an unbounded love for Brazil and her native music, yet have expressed that adoration in a completely distinct and unique manner.

    The Show Must Go On!
    Her arms were extended outward, as if in gentle supplication to restless audience members to lend an attentive ear toward her wistful song. The look was both haughty and proud, the attitude one of openness and warmth, with a touch of simpatia tossed in. Her bearing was unwaveringly regal yet becoming of one whose build is so lean and slender. There was also the unmistakable air of the diva about her.

    It must have been the classic profile, the protruding chin, the dark complexion, and the magnificent blonde coiffure, its many endless and fascinating curls, like those of a face on an ancient Aegean vase, all intricately woven into unbroken lines across her faultlessly-formed features.

    Suddenly, the hallowed name of Maria Callas sprang to mind. While remembering the faded kinescopes of the once celebrated star of La Scala and other international opera houses, I was reminded of Portuguese singer Mariza’s striking resemblance to the immortal La Divina, and to the Divine One’s searing intensity and command of the operatic stage.

    In interviews granted throughout 2003, given concurrently with the release of her second album Fado Curvo (Times Square Records), the Lusitanian songstress, born Mariza dos Reis Nunes in Mozambique but raised in the Mouraria section of Lisbon, cited the revered Greek-American soprano Callas and her illustrious countrywoman Amlia Rodrigues as pervasive influences on her own individualized take on contemporary fado.

    Having seen Mariza perform live, and in concert, on the campus of North Carolina State University’s Stewart Theatre, I can whole-heartedly agree. Though not strictly a Brazilian entertainment form, nor remotely related to traditional Western ideals of the operatic, this freely emotive and soulful style of singing has been with us for nearly two and a half centuries-much longer, in fact, than any of the standard repertory items of composers Verdi, Wagner, and Puccini combined.

    Most of all, there is something grandly theatrical about the art itself-the hand gestures, the facial expressions, the song structures, the lyric flights of poetic fancy-that has lately transformed fado into a worthy successor to the almost-absent stage presentations of opera in Brazil’s own artistic firmament.

    Mariza’s devout following knows, too, that years before her recent world-music conquests, the rebellious future stage figure had visited Rio de Janeiro, the “holy shrine” of Carnival, where, as inevitable as the Copacabana tide, she became infatuated with the soothing sounds of samba and bossa nova, only to return to her adopted land as an invaluable dispenser of its native song collection.

    “I was looking for something when I went to Brazil. I had to do that to come back to my first love. But what I was looking for was in front of my nose all the time and I was the only one who couldn’t see it.”

    The search for one’s true calling in the entertainment field can be an excruciatingly nerve-wracking venture for any performing artist, let alone one of Mariza’s standing and repute. Relief came in the satisfaction she gleaned from facing up to the style’s built-in challenges.

    “Fado is an emotional kind of music,” she proclaimed, “full of passion, sorrow, jealousy, grief, and often satire.I just want to sing.” And that she does well enough, particularly on the darkly sentimental opening numbers, “O silncio da guitarra” (“The Silence of the Guitar”) and “Cavaleiro monge” (“Monk Rider”), and the exuberantly festive “Feira de Castro” (“The Fair at Castro”).

    While leaning more towards tradition for her first album, Fado em Mim (“Fado in Me”), Mariza took a much freer approach to Fado Curvo, finding both subtlety and nuance in the piano-and-cello accompaniment of “Retrato” (“Portrait”) and a softer pop side for “O Deserto,” before ending on a passionate note with “Os anis do meu cabelo” (“Curls of My Hair”), a semi-autobiographical piece.

    Having gone about as far as a modern fadista could go in her profession, she decided to stretch herself even more by joining forces with acclaimed Carioca-born arranger, musician, and producer Jaques Morelenbaum, a graduate of the New England Conservatory of Music, for her third go-around with the musical genre: the 2005 release of Transparente, also for Times Square Records.

    Mariza flew all the way down to Morelenbaum’s hometown of Rio-“Because,” she admitted, Jaques’ Ventire working environment is in Brazil”-where, the exotic-looking entertainer confirmed to the UK’s FLY magazine, she “didn’t do anything [for two months] but thinking, working, and singing on this new album. I woke up every morning and waited for the hour to start working. I was able to achieve a greater intimacy, not only with music but with poetry as well. It was very good for me. Besides having the chance to meet and work with new musicians, it helped me to concentrate completely on my new album.”

    A veteran of several-hundred studio sessions, Jaques Morelenbaum has concentrated his own efforts on assisting quite a number of fine artists with their recordings-and with some of their live performances, to boot. Among the most notable are Antonio Carlos Jobim, Egberto Gismonti, Gal Costa, Chico Buarque, Milton Nascimento, David Byrne, Marisa Monte, and Carlinhos Brown, in addition to his work with directors Walter Salles Jr. and Gerald Thomas. This was exactly the kind of Brazilian connection Mariza was hoping for in her next musical project.

    “I’m very fond of Brazilian rhythms, such as bossa nova, Vinicius de Moraes, Elis Regina [and] Caetano Veloso,” she told interviewer Petr Dorůzka of the Website Free Music. “I already knew Jaques had worked with Caetano and [Japanese composer] Ryuichi Sakamoto. We met in music festivals in Portugal and abroad. I’ve always wanted to work with him. I spoke to my record company and they liked the idea. I suggested it to Mr. Morelenbaum and he returned to my suggestion with all possible dates. I’ve always thought that doing it would help me to reach the sonority I was looking for.”

    For the BBC, Mariza delved further into her nation’s musical distinctiveness: “I am looking for fado from a different perspective, because I now travel a lot. I am starting to find that this music that belongs to Lisbon, to Portuguese people, is starting to feel more and more universal. It speaks about universal feelings. Each country interprets it in its own way. We are crossing cultural lines now. And I feel so proud about it.”

    Reflecting on the end result, she divulged to Free Music that, “When I listen to this album I feel my fado, my sound. Jaques Morelenbaum uses all musical instruments in a magical way, with lots of care. He was the producer for this record; he understood me.”

    We, too, understand what Mariza was striving for, and where her aspirations lie: right now, they’re with her dynamic version of fado. Fortunately for her fans, she’s left one foot dangling in the door of the pop-music world, which is as it should be.

    “I listen to all kind of music, as long as it’s good. But I have to confess, I have my preferences: Maria Callas, Tony Bennett, Nina Simone, Sting. Like everywhere we do have international pop artists in the charts, but there’s good music being done in Portugal, like Rui Veloso, Carlos do Carmo, Jorge Palma. To name a few.”

    That’s too few to please the masses. But on her own, Mariza has had no problem doing just that.

    To be continued…

    Copyright 2009 by Josmar F. Lopes

    A naturalized American citizen born in Brazil, Joe Lopes was raised and educated in New York City, where he worked for many years in the financial sector. In 1996, he moved to Brazil with his wife and daughters. In 2001, he returned to the U.S. and now resides in North Carolina with his family. You can email your comments to

    To read previous articles by Joe Lopes click below:

    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 17
    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 16
    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 15
    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 14
    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 13
    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 12
    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 11
    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 10
    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 9
    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 8
    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 7
    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 6
    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 5
    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 4
    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 3
    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 2
    Brazil: “Tristeza Não Tem Fim” (“Sadness Has No End”) Part 1
    Brecht, Weill & Buarque: The Brazilian Play’s the Thing! Part 3
    Brazil: “Opera” in the Amazon – Werner Herzog’s Fitzcarraldo, or The Madness of Foreign Men Part 4
    Brazil: “Opera” in the Amazon – Werner Herzog’s Fitzcarraldo, or The Madness of Foreign Men Part 3
    Brazil: “Opera” in the Amazon – Werner Herzog’s Fitzcarraldo, or The Madness of Foreign Men Part 2
    Brazil: “Opera” in the Amazon – Werner Herzog’s Fitzcarraldo, or The Madness of Foreign Men Part 1
    The Brazilian Beat Goes On: My Own “Best-Of” List of Present-Day Bossa Nova Classics Part 5
    The Brazilian Beat Goes On: My Own “Best-Of” List of Present-Day Bossa Nova Classics Part 4
    The Brazilian Beat Goes On: My Own “Best-Of” List of Present-Day Bossa Nova Classics Part 3
    The Brazilian Beat Goes On: My Own “Best-Of” List of Present-Day Bossa Nova Classics Part 2
    The Brazilian Beat Goes On: My Own “Best-Of” List of Present-Day Bossa Nova Classics Part 1
    Brazil: The “Italian” Composer from Campinas Part 4
    Brazil: The “Italian” Composer from Campinas Part 3
    Brazil: The “Italian” Composer from Campinas Part 2
    Brazil: The “Italian” Composer from Campinas Part 1
    Bringing People Together: Electronic Voyages to Brazil Part 6
    Bringing People Together: Electronic Voyages to Brazil Part 5
    Bringing People Together: Electronic Voyages to Brazil Part 4
    Bringing People Together: Electronic Voyages to Brazil Part 3
    Bringing People Together: Electronic Voyages to Brazil Part 2
    Bringing People Together: Electronic Voyages to Brazil Part 1
    Brecht, Weill & Buarque: The Brazilian Play’s the Thing! Part 2
    Misunderstanding Brazil’s National Anthem: A Crash-Course in the Hymn of the Nation
    Brecht, Weill & Buarque: The Brazilian Play’s the Thing! Part 1
    Theater, the Brecht of Life: The Influences on Chico’s “Modern” Street Opera, Part II
    A Walk on the Weill Side: The Influences on Chico’s “Modern” Street Opera Part 2
    A Walk on the Weill Side: The Influences on Chico’s “Modern” Street Opera Part 1
    Heitor Villa-Lobos: The Brazilian Bach Part 5
    Heitor Villa-Lobos: The Brazilian Bach Part 4
    Heitor Villa-Lobos: The Brazilian Bach Part 3
    Heitor Villa-Lobos: The Brazilian Bach Part 2
    Heitor Villa-Lobos: The Brazilian Bach Part 1
    Two Brazilian Charmers Part 11
    Two Brazilian Charmers Part 10
    Two Brazilian Charmers Part 9
    Two Brazilian Charmers Part 8
    Two Brazilian Charmers Part 7
    Two Brazilian Charmers Part 6
    Two Brazilian Charmers Part 5
    Two Brazilian Charmers Part 4
    Two Brazilian Charmers Part 3
    Two Brazilian Charmers Part 2
    Two Brazilian Charmers Part 1
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 21
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 20
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 19
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 18
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 17
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 16
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 15
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 14
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 13
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 12
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 11
    Brazil: Thrills, Spills, and… Oh Yes, No Ifs, Ands or Head-Butts, Please
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 10
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 9
    Brazil: A Fever Called Corinthians Part 4
    Brazil: Taking Flight on Florencia’s Fragile Wings Part 4
    Brazil: A Fever Called Corinthians Part 3
    Brazilian World Cup Debacle: Just Wait Till 2010! Part 2
    Brazilian World Cup Debacle: Just Wait Till 2010! Part 1
    Brazil: Taking Flight on Florencia’s Fragile Wings Part 3
    Brazil: A Fever Called Corinthians Part 2
    Brazil: Taking Flight on Florencia’s Fragile Wings Part 2
    Brazil: A Fever Called Corinthians Part 1
    Brazil: Taking Flight on Florencia’s Fragile Wings Part 1
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 8
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 7
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 6
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 5
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 4
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 3
    Teaching English In Brazil Part 2
    A German Ring in the Brazilian Rainforest Part 4
    A German Ring in the Brazilian Rainforest Part 3
    Teaching English In Brazil – Part I
    A German Ring in the Brazilian Rainforest Part 2
    A German Ring in the Brazilian Rainforest Part 1
    “Down in Brazil,” with Michael Franks Part 3
    “Down in Brazil,” with Michael Franks Part 2
    “Down in Brazil,” with Michael Franks Part 1
    Brazil: A Candid Talk with Gerald Thomas
    Getting to the “bottom” of Brazil’s Gerald Thomas
    A Brazilian Diva Torn Between Europe and Brazil
    The Enraged Genius of Brazil’s Maestro Neschling
    A German Ring in the Brazilian Rainforest
    Brazil’s Musical Polyglots: What Was That You Were Singing?
    Did Bossa Nova Kill Opera in Brazil?

    By John Fitzpatrick
    July 29, 2009

    The Senate chairman, Jose Sarney, is following in the tradition of his predecessors and abusing the power entrusted by his office to enrich himself and his relatives. As this is how he has been operating in half a century of political life we should not be surprised but perhaps we could expect higher standards from a man who was President of the Republic for five years and has been Senate chairman on two previous occasions. He also has the backing of President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva who, in his more idealistic days, regarded Sarney as a representative of everything that was corrupt and reactionary. Lula has been vociferous in his support of Sarney but there are now signs that this backing might be withdrawn and Sarney will be forced to step down as have three of his predecessors over the last decade. So much for the idea that the Senate should be a place for statesmen. Indeed some disgusted members of Lula’s PT party have even called for it to be abolished.

    When Sarney, who is a member of the PMDB, was elected head of the Senate at the beginning of this year he beat a candidate from Lula’s Workers Party (PT). Lula backed Sarney instead of his own party member as he needed the support of the PMDB which is the largest party in Congress. However, if Sarney and the PMDB thought that was the end of the matter they were wrong. The disgruntled PT members set about unleashing a torrent of leaks about the questionable track records and shady deals involving prominent members of the PMDB. This led to a crisis within the PMDB, with two of its leading senators turning on their own party and accusing it of containing people who were only interested in obtaining positions in order to loot the public coffers. The PMDB leadership shrugged off this criticism which it claimed was so vague as not worth investigating and set about trying to throw some dirt on members of the PT.

    In other countries allegations like these could lead to political turmoil but not in Brazil where they are routine and no-one is surprised at anything that elected representatives get up to. However, like one of TV Globo’s interminable novelas, this scandal went further as it uncovered a vast number of scams within the administration of the Congress. It turned out that there existed a whole network of Senate staff that was overpaid, given inflated titles often for trivial positions – overseeing photocopying or booking air tickets, for example – and were claiming overtime payments even during periods when Congress was in recess. These promotions and hires had been made through illegal acts which the public knew nothing about. Senators who were responsible for overseeing all this, including Sarney, denied any knowledge of wrongdoing. A few sacrifices were made of some senior officials who resigned although no actual punishment was administered despite the blatant wrongdoing that had been occurring.

    Trying to shift the blame to the officials did not put an end to the matter and the press stoked the scandal almost on a daily basis and uncovered a vast ring of nepotism. Various attempts have been made to end nepotism over the years and laws have been passed but to little avail. Once again, none of this was particularly new and Brazilian politicians have traditionally employed their relatives and friends even when they were unqualified. In many case, these public employees do not even bother to turn up for work but just cash their monthly paychecks and enjoy the associated benefits and perks.

    Sarney and his family found themselves singled out as it emerged that a host of members of the Sarney clan were on the public payroll. One of his nephews was found to be running a business which made loans to public employees and was never seen at his workplace. Sarney’s generosity to his family was such that it even extended to the former boyfriend of one of his granddaughters. To his embarrassment, a taped telephone conversation was released in which Sarney is heard discussing how to get him a cushy job.

    It was also revealed that his daughter, Roseana, the governor of Maranhão, had a personal butler who was on the public payroll. This butler received the astonishing monthly salary of R$12,000 (around US$6,000) a fortune by Brazilian standards where the minimum wage is R$465.

    Despite all this evidence of incompetence and immoral – not to say illegal – behavior, Sarney has blustered and given no sign of standing down. A number of senators have called on him to step down and Lula is also facing a revolt by PT senators who do not understand why they should have to defend someone like Sarney just so that Lula can rely on the PMDB. The Senate ethics committee has received four official complaints but whether it will do anything is another matter. At the time of writing the Estado de S. Paulo has just reported that the chairman of the ethics committee, Paulo Duque, who, needless to say is from the PMDB, hired a lawyer to advise it last November. The only problem is that this lawyer is based in Rio de Janeiro and has never been seen in Congress. For this work”, he receives a monthly salary of R$5,000.

    Congress is due to go into recess shortly and Sarney may feel he can ride out the storm. Perhaps he will but there is such a great pressure that it is difficult to see him having any authority to continue to run the Senate especially as a majority of senators will be standing for election next year and will not want to be too closely associated with him. The likeliest outcome is that he will either stand down temporarily to “prepare his defense” – the usual quaint term used in these circumstances – or resign in order to maintain his civil rights (including being able to stand for office again) should any action be taken against him.

    Any chance of him admitting that he was wrong and apologizing to the population can be excluded. Brazilian readers will recall that this is the man who had the prescience to withdraw all his savings from Banco Santos the day before it went bust and the Central Bank took it over in November 2004. Several thousand other accountholders lost everything and are still involved in a legal dispute to try and get something but not former President Sarney.

    John Fitzpatrick 2009

    John Fitzpatrick is a Scotsman who first visited Brazil more than 20 years ago and has been based in São Paulo since 1995. He is a journalist by profession and runs his own company, Celtic Comunicaes, which provides corporate communications and consultancy services. He can be contacted at

    Previous articles by John Fitzpatrick on

    Brazil: Lula Starts to Throw His Weight Around
    Congress Still Tramples on Brazilians Rights 25 Years After the “Direct Elections Now” Campaign
    Hold the Front Page – Brazil’s Interest Rates Head for Single Digits
    Around Brazil: The Many Faces of São Paulo – Tips for Newcomers
    Brazil: Will Obama Mention the “Brics” or just the “Rics”?
    Brazil 2009 – The Year of Living Dangerously
    Brazil: São Paulo Mayoral Election – a Foretaste of the Presidential Race?
    Looking for Brazil’s Moon Under Water
    Brazil’s Lula Finally Stops Playing the Blame Game
    Brazil: Coming Up – Serra versus Dilma?
    Brazil Becomes Middle Class but Not Bourgeois
    Where is Brazil’s Barack Obama?
    Brazil: Lula Loses Some of His Moral Luster
    Lost Your Job on Wall Street? Head for Brazil!
    Brazil: Lula Loves Investment Grade – Whatever That Is
    There’s No Business Like Oil Business – in Brazil Anyway
    Benefits of Brazil’s Growth Start to Spread
    Let Brazilians Sort Out the Problems of the Amazon
    Brazil’s Politicians Set to Cash in on Oil and Gas Discoveries
    Brazil: Lula Learns the Lesson of Not Planning Ahead
    Cops and Robbers Brazilian Style
    Brazil: Oscar Freire – São Paulo’s Street of Dreams
    Brazil: Lula Called to Account on Tax
    Will Lula Leave Brazil in Safe or Unsafe Hands?
    Senate Spits in the Face of the Brazilian People
    The Lord Mayor Goes Zapping the NYSE in Brazil
    Brazil: Economic Boom – Political Gloom
    Around Brazil: Natal – Sun, Sand Dunes and Solitude or Hassle, Hustlers and Hookers
    ACM – Brazil Will Never See His Like Again
    Brazilians Let Politicians Treat Them as Doormats
    Senate Chairman Upholds Tradition of Treating Brazil with Contempt
    Brits Turn Their Backs on Brazil
    Look Out for the New BBC – the Brazilian Broadcasting Corporation
    Navel Gazing in Brasilia – Largesse in São Paulo
    Brazil’s Politicians Share the Spoils
    Cida – A Brazilian Entrepreneur
    Ten Top Brazilian Songs to Download on Your iPod
    Lula Lets Brazilians Down by Failing to Exercise His Authority
    Brazil: Laid Back Lula Finally Gets His Team (Almost) Together
    The George W. Bush PR Show Comes to Brazil
    Briefing Bush on Brazil the CIA Way
    US Authorities Tackle Brazil’s White Collar Criminals
    Brazil’s Opposition Parties Try to End Disarray
    Lula Faces Arm-Wrestling Contest with New Congress
    Brazil Waits for Lula to Return from Holiday
    Around Brazil: Santana de Parnaiba
    Brazilians Start to Stand Up for Their Rights
    Darfur – Brazil’s African Side Show
    Economics and Politics in Brazil – a Tangled Web
    Brazil’s Strange Idea of Democracy
    Brazil: John Pizzarelli – the Boy from Ipanema
    Brazil’s Stock Market: the Path to Riches or Rags?
    Brazil: Lula Unlikely to Change Course after His Massive Victory
    Brazil: Privatization – Lula and Alckmin Defend the Indefensible
    Brazil: Many Emigrants, Fewer Immigrants Part 2
    Brazil: Many Emigrants, Fewer Immigrants Part 1
    Brazil: Alckmin Hits Lula but Lands No Killer Blow
    Brazil: Lula Pays the Penalty for Complacency
    Brazil: Does Lula Deserve to Win?
    Brazil: Cardoso Writes a Poison Pen Letter
    Monte Verde – Brazil’s Green Mountain
    Brazil’s Gross Disappointing Product
    Brazil’s Election – Alckmin Hands Lula Victory on a Plate
    Lula Hits Back at Congress
    Brazil’s Presidential Election May Not be a Walkover for Lula
    Pity the Brazilian Voter
    Brazil’s Fainthearts Let the Nation Down
    Now is the Winter of Brazil’s Discontent
    World Cup brings Out the Best and Worst in Brazil
    Brazil’s Big Spender
    Brazil: The Dogs of War are Unleashed in São Paulo
    Brazil: Self-Righteous Indignation Marks Bolivian Nationalization
    Brazil: Lula Still Vulnerable
    Brazil: The PSDB Takes the Hard Road
    Fooling Around with Brazilian Politics and History Part 3
    Fooling Around with Brazilian Politics and History Part 2
    Fooling Around with Brazilian Politics and History Part 1
    Brazil: Alckmin the Hare Takes on Serra the Tortoise
    Patronizing Brazilians the Politically Correct Way
    Brazil: Election Gives Voters Chance to Clean Up Congress
    Brazil: João Pessoa – a Victim of its Own Success
    No Consistency in Brazil’s Foreign Policy
    Brazil: Sitting in the Shadow of Sarney and Magalhes
    Brazil: Gentrification Creeps Up On São Paulo
    Dirt Flies as Brazilian Parties Aim for Presidency
    Brazilians Vote for Guns and Death Not Peace and Love
    Brazil’s Gun Lobby Launches Hysterical Campaign Against Arms Ban
    Jews and Arabs Find Success in Brazil
    Brazil’s Politicians Start Looking Ahead to Next Year
    Brazil: Lula Down but Certainly Not Out
    Brazil’s Congress Struggles to Cope with Ongoing Crisis
    Brazil: Scandal Threatens Presidential Mandate System
    Brazil: If Lula is to Survive He Needs to Change His Tactics
    Brazil: Many Parties – Few Ideas
    Brazil Through Foreign Eyes
    Helping the Helpless in Brazil
    Pinheiros – São Paulo’s Best District
    Growing Old (Dis)gracefully in Brazil
    Canudos, Still With Us 100 Years Later
    The Rise of the Brazilian Empire
    Brazil and Portugal – The Samba and the Fado
    Brazil – Just A State Of Mind
    Brazil: For Lula, is Ignorance Bliss?
    Brazil: Pay Day – or Pay Dirt?

    July 23, 2009

    Meet Jay Bauman who will soon be moving to Brazil after having visited the country numerous times. Read the following interview in which he tells us about some of his most memorable experiences and gives some useful advice to newcomers.

    1. Tell us a little about yourself, where are you from, what do you do etc.?

    I am living in Orlando, Florida, moving to Rio de Janeiro as of Sept 30. My wife is Brazilian and we met while I was consulting in Rio a couple of years ago. I used to be a business consultant, but now I am full-time in ministry. My wife is an attorney. I have a permanent visa in Brazil and recently applied for residency.

    2. When did you arrive in Brazil and what brought you here?

    Back in 2003 a friend introduced me to Brazil through urban missions work in the favelas of São Paulo. Since then I’ve been to Fortaleza, Natal, Recife, Sertao (the interior), Joao Pessoa, Salvador (Morro do São Paulo), Rio, Florianopolis, Campinas, etc. My favorite spots are the beaches south of Joao Pessoa, and everywhere in Florianopolis.

    3. What were you first impressions of Brazil?

    Wonderful people, wonderful community, great food.

    4. What do you miss most about home?

    Saving money. Rio, where we are moving in two months, is expensive.

    5. What has been your most frustrating experience in Brazil?

    My wife & I tried to send a package via FedEx to Brazil and it got caught up in customs (they said we were trying to resell it, which we weren’t) and we basically were forced to pay extra monies (well on top of a 100% duty, which we were prepared to pay) to get it out of the governments hand. We refused, bought another product, booked a flight from Orlando, paid duties at the airport in Rio, and took the package down ourselves and it was STILL cheaper. The other package is still in customs.

    Also getting married in Brazil is not as simple as in the states. You have to go to like five cartorios and find Rodrigo, Leo Silva the IIIrd, etc. I once offered a guy my home in Orlando to visit to get around the bureaucracy and it worked, a little jeitinho brasilerio.” I’m not into bribes but I know my ethics will be tempted in the future! As a side note, If you are engaged to a Brazilian and living in two different countries you need some counsel to make it all happen right.

    6. What has been your most memorable experience in Brazil (specific incident)?

    I don’t know where to start on this one. I’ve been to Brazil like 15 times. Probably the most memorable experience was recently visiting a men’s prison in Rio (I will be blogging on this). That was one of the most horrifying experiences. It was like a wall of flesh, 40 guys crammed into a space for six. Guys having to sleep standing up. Brazil’s human rights abuses are significant, not only for prisoners, but for society as a whole. We are working to change that through an NGO called Rio de Paz (My blog has a lot of pictures of this.

    7. What do you most like about Brazil (in general)?

    My wife. And Nannai Beach Resort near Porto de Galinhas.

    8. What is your favorite restaurant/place to hang out here?

    In Rio, where I spend most of my time, I like Prainha beach outside Recreio. I also love Barra Brasa, a churrascaria, while I’m in Barra da Tijuca.

    9. Do you have any funny stories/incidents to tell about your time in Brazil?

    We were working in Cidade de Deus with a humanitarian missions team this summer and a guy who was obviously high came to hit me up for something. All I had was a kid’s jump rope in a plastic bag. He took the jump rope and was so excited, he started to go around showing everyone. It was all kind of strange. I was excited too, for him to leave me alone, but then I realized that a jump rope may not be the best tool for someone depressed enough to be a substance abuser.

    10. What difference between your homeland and Brazil do you find most striking?

    People are nice in Brazil, even though I realize there is always a dark side. That’s always present in man’s sin nature, but I won’t theologize.

    11. How is your Portuguese coming along? What words do you find most difficult to pronounce/remember or are there any words that you regularly confuse?

    Intermediate. I’m looking for a good Portuguese class/instructor for Estrangeiros in Rio, if anyone knows of one.

    12. What advice do you have for newcomers to Brazil?

    Be patient, be flexible, and always have a Brazilian with you (until you are familiar with your surroundings), unless you want to get mugged, at worst, or ripped off, at best.

    13. What are some things that you would recommend for a visitor to do in São Paulo (or anywhere else in Brazil)?

    In São Paulo, eat! The restaurants are the best. If I was visiting Brazil for the first time, and had limited time, I would do the traditional Rio tourist elements and then head to Buzios/Cabo Frio and do a private boat ride in Arraial do Cabo.

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    By Lauren Smith
    July 23, 2009

    Brazil may be better known for its Caipirinhas, Carnivals and the Copacabana, but it’s also home to some delicious local dishes. Although the country may not be on the foodie map, Brazil is ideal for a gastro tour, with huge portions, a dizzying range of dishes and cheap prices – even top-class restaurants are within a budget traveler’s reach.

    Forget the vineyards of Tuscany and pricey Parisian bistros, Brazil is the perfect choice for a cheap gastro tour – simply hire a car, stay in a hostel and you can eat like a king every night. But if you find yourself confronted with a bizarre local dish, or your Portuguese can’t stretch to menu translation, here’s a guide to the best Brazilian food around the country.

    Minas Gerais
    There are four main regional cuisines or ‘comidas’ in Brazil, and the Comida Mineira from Minas Gerais is one of the most distinctive. Many of these dishes date back to the early eighteenth century, when food had to keep for long periods of time on mule trains.

    The tastiest dishes use pork, ‘couve’ a vegetable that resembles spinach and cabbage, and the delicious ‘tutu’ thick bean sauce.

    Names to watch out for include Frango com Quiabo (chicken roasted with okra and served with ‘anju’, a corn porridge), Tutu a Mineira (roasted pork with bean sauce and crackling) and Fejao Tropeiro (pork, beans, egg and onion) which translates to ‘Mule Driver’s Beans’. Minas sausages are also excellent.

    São Paulo
    São Paulo is known as the gourmet capital of Brazil, with some of the top restaurants in the country. Waves of immigrants and money poured in from the business district means that it’s easy to find innovative and top quality cuisine from all over the world.

    Sap Paulo has the highest Japanese population outside Japan, and a huge amount of Italian immigrants, so the best food to try here is sushi, pizza and pasta. There are also several great Middle-Eastern restaurants.

    But there’s still plenty of Brazilian cuisine on offer, with many of the top chefs re-inventing traditional dishes. Tuck into the ubiquitous Feijoada (pork and beans), served only on Wednesdays and Saturdays in São Paulo.

    If you’re really trying to dine on a budget, cheap food is often just as tasty as the upscale eateries – many of the São Paulo hostels provide free meals and huge buffet breakfasts, or have good value cafes and restaurants on site.

    The Comida Baiana uses West African ingredients like spicy peppers, coconut and palm oil, and seafood is always on the menu. Dishes to try include Vatapa, a yellow porridge of coconut, shrimp and garlic (far tastier than it sounds) Moque-ca (seafood in palm oil sauce), and Acaraje, a deep fried bean cake.

    The best food in Bahia is usually the cheapest – try the Baianas, women selling food on the street, and order maize pudding wrapped in banana leaves, and fried bananas dusted with sugar. One word of advice – be wary of the pimento sauce served with most dishes- it’s so spicy it should be used sparingly!

    Other Food Tips
    Other distinctive local cuisines include the Comida Gaucha from the Rio Grande Do Sul, and the Comida do Sertao from the North East. The Gaucha cuisine is great for carnivores – it mainly consists of meat grilled over a barbeque, whereas the north-eastern diet relies on dried meat, beans and fruit. Brazil’s ‘national dish’ is probably Feijoada, a hearty stew of pork and sausage with black beans, garlic and orange, that is served at weekends.

    The places you’ll find all over the country are ‘Rodizio’ restaurants – a Brazilian take on an ‘all you can eat’ buffet, and the ‘comida por kilo’ lunches, where food is priced according to weight. Churrascarias are a Brazilian speciality – a barbeque style restaurant where meat is roasted on charcoal and brought in huge spits to the table.

    Remember that Brazilian’s eat out late in the major cities, with most restaurants opening up around 9pm. You could probably still eat out at around 2am, as dining out is a real event in Brazil, involving dressing up for dinner and slow meals that take several hours, so restaurants are open well into the night.

    Before joining HostelBookers in 2009, Lauren Smith indulged her passion for travel, backpacking around Brazil and staying in Best Beaches in Brazil for the Backpacker

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    By Alison McGowan
    July 23, 2009

    First of all, this entry is not about sex, nor virgins, nor virgin travellers per se, only about virgin travellers in relation to Brazil. I, myself, have been around for too long to notice a lot of these things, but chatting to fellow travellers on recent pousada selection trips, it seems there are lots of things people don’t expect when they come to Brazil, and a great many very pleasant surprises. My thanks to Keith Ricketts, who travelled over 4000 miles with me in April 2009, for many of the comments below.

    1. You feel safe in Rio!
    2. You rarely get hassled by people trying to sell you things, even in touristy places
    3. There are far fewer people sleeping in the streets of Rio than you might imagine, and rarely any outside big cities
    4. There is wide mobile phone coverage throughout Brazil, except, curiously, in São Miguel do Gostoso in Rio Grande do Norte where no mobiles work, ever!
    5. There are thousands of pousadas (small hotels and guesthouses) up and down the country which rival the best hotels for comfort and service, and are much nicer to stay in
    6. Wi-fi is now available (free) in most pousadas, whereas in hotels you often still have to pay
    7. Outside high season (January, February, July) pousada prices are excellent, and there are usually only a few other travellers away from the better known tourist places
    8. The weather is quite often better in low season than in high season- especially around Rio
    9. Breakfasts in pousadas are almost universally wonderful, with great fruit juices, breads, cakes, cheese
    10. Food in Brazil is usually pretty good – particularly fish on the beach and meat in rodizios” (barbecued meat on skewers which they bring round and cut for you at table)
    11. Outside rodizios, which have a fixed price, and chic restaurants, one dish will normally be sufficient for 2 people. It is normal to ask for a dish “para dividir” (to share)
    12. Service charges are always included in the price at restaurants
    13. Intercity buses are comfortable and reliable. Not a pig or chicken in sight!
    14. Taxis in cities are easy to find and turn up on time
    15. Taxi drivers do not expect a tip, and sometimes round the price down if it is just a bit over
    16. If you book a flight with local airline GOL and then change it to a cheaper flight, they charge you nothing for changing it and also give you a credit towards your next ticket
    17. From Rio northwards day and night time temperatures are only a few degrees different
    18. Outside cities, on the coast, shorts, t-shirts and flip flops are acceptable attire for dinner and disco!
    19. Bikinis are worn by the largest of ladies, but nobody goes topless except transexuals
    20. Brazil is not just about carnival, corruption, football and favelas. It is an extraordinary diverse place where, alongside first world and third world, you find a rich history, neverending deserted beaches, fabulous music, and people who smile

    Alison is a British writer, musician, and marketing consultant, based in Rio de Janeiro. She can be contacted on Visit her site at

    Previous articles by Alison:

    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Casa Mila, nr. Ubatuba, São Paulo
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Casa Beleza, Santa Teresa, Rio de Janeiro
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Bambu Bamboo Pousada and Spa, Parati, Rio de Janeiro
    Random Ramblings on the Weather in Brazil
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Pousada Beijamar, Bahia
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Hotel 7 Colinas, Pernambuco
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Pousada dos Quatro Cantos, Pernambuco
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Pousada Estrela do Mar, Bahia
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Pousada Vivenda, Rio de Janeiro
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Pousada da Terra, Minas Gerais
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Pousada Mirante de Pipa, Rio Grande do Norte
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Pousada do Caju, Alagoas
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Pousada da Amendoeira, Alagoas
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Estalagem Caiuia, Alagoas
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Lagoa do Cassange, Bahia
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Ponta do Muta, Bahia
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Santa Clara, Boipeba, Bahia

    By Paul Barnett
    July 15, 2009

    Francisco Brennand is one of the most important and celebrated artists in Brazil. He was born on June 11th 1927, the son of a wealthy industrialist, Ricardo Monteiro Brennand, whose Irish family had arrived in Brazil in 1823 to work as peasant farmers. The unmarried daughter of a sugar magnate took a liking to Brennand’s father, who was employed by her father. She later inherited her father’s property, and when she died, willed her entire estate and immense wealth to Ricardo Brennand.

    From an early age, he worked at the São João Pottery his father had founded in 1917, and he was an informal pupil of potter Abelardo da Hora. He also developed drawing skills, made caricatures, and illustrated the poems of his contemporary, Ariano Suassuna. His talent for painting was helped when his father invited several artists to paint landscapes surrounding the São João Engenho (sugar mill), including lvaro Amorim, Balthazar de Cmara, Mrio Nunes and Murillo La Greca. Brennand later became a student of La Greca, whose work can be seen at the gallery named after him in Recife.

    It was with La Greca that Brennand created his first sculpture A Cabea de Deborah (Deborah’s Head). In 1947, he received his first prize for painting from the Art Salon of the State Museum of Pernambuco. Two years later he travelled to Europe to study ceramics, visiting France, Belgium, Switzerland, Spain and Italy. During his travels he was influenced by Picasso, Miró, Lger and Gaudi. When he came back to Recife, he revisited the São João Pottery, which had been idle since 1945 and lay in ruins. Then, in 1971, he set about restoring the site, situated close to the Capibaribe River in the midst of Mata Atlntica (Atlantic Forest). The project, his volume of work and his reputation, all grew. Today he is known internationally and his work has been exhibited, and won prizes, in many cities.

    At 82, Brennand still works on the site and has completed many projects in the past few years. Two of the oldest and most spectacular features of the complex are the water and sculpture garden that were landscaped by Brazil’s most famous landscaper, Brule Marx. Between temples, ponds and fountains are many of Brennands works including murals and sculptures inspired by flora, fauna, mythological, historic and literary figures. Many are also vey sexual and erotic, based on Brenand’s main focus of study, the female body.

    Inside the large warehouse style buildings are yet more surprises. There are over two thousand sculptures of many forms, ornate rooms and a sunken pit theatre. Close to the garden and warehouse buildings is the Accademia building which was opened in 2003. It houses houses over 200 of his paintings and drawings.

    In addition to Oficina Brennand, his work can be seen in other parts of Recife, and all over Brazil. The most famous of his other work in Recife is the Parque das Esculturas (Sculpture Park) on the reef that can be seen from Marco Zero Square in Recife Antigo. Centerpiece of the park is the 32meter column of concrete, clay, ceramic and bronze. It was inspired by a flower discovered by Brule Marx. The 90 exhibits can be viewed up close by taking a boat crossing from the quayside in Marco Zero.

    Previous articles by Paul:

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    July 15, 2009

    This is our regular column called Ask a Brazilian”, the idea being that you can quite literally ask a question of a Brazilian – for those issues you aren’t sure about but perhaps dare not ask someone else. It is meant as a bit of fun and answers should not be construed as expert opinion or the definitive reply on the matter. For that reason we ask you to please send your own comments and experiences in order to add to our replies.

    My friend whom I met on the Internet (we have video called every day for 3 months) came to the UK at my expense, but she was refused entry on the following grounds: her personal circumstances (mother and daughter recently deceased in car crash), lost her job due to the stress from aforementioned accident, had little funds on her as I had invited her here and was going to support her during her 7 weeks stay, had no house in Brazil (as it was in her mothers name, BUT is still where she lives) – UK Immigration believed she had no reason to return to Brazil as there was nothing for her back home in Brazil, even though she had me as a sponsor and a return ticket, they sent her back home as a criminal (taking her pictures and photographs).

    I plan to go to Rio now in September and we plan to seek a Visa for her to come to the UK in December. Can you advise of the best course of action? Is there an easier country than Portugal to come to the UK, how easy is it to get a Visa for the UK, should we get engaged when I go to Rio, should the length of stay be shorter than the intended 7 weeks she planned in July?

    — Marcus

    Hi Marcus,

    Sounds like a difficult situation.

    Entry to the UK via any country will make little difference if your friend’s passport is inspected, particularly now that she has a record of entry refusal.

    As she has discovered, UK border control will be looking for evidence of means of support e.g. funds, credit card(s), along with evidence that the individual plans to return i.e. a return ticket. If the individual has neither of these there is a strong chance they will be refused entry, which happens to thousands of Brazilians a year purportedly.

    It will help to have a letter from a sponsor, with contact details if she is stopped, but this is unlikely to be sufficient evidence alone, bearing in mind the above.

    As you have already mentioned, you are best now to arrange a meeting at a UK Consulate so that she can try and apply for a tourist visa. Your presence and sponsorship may well help, but again the visa is likely to be issued based on the above evidence.

    I am unsure whether being engaged will help, and without wishing to be too moral, my advice would first to be sure that you are getting engaged to the right person by spending a significant amount of time with them. Be wary of making decisions while in the throes of love!

    Best of luck!


    Are there any burning questions you have about Brazil, or other issues that you’re curious about, such as Brazilian culture? If so, send your questions to with “Ask a Brazilian” in the subject. We will forward to our Brazilian experts, and publish the best questions (and replies) on the site.

    Previous articles in this series:

    Ask a Brazilian: Gossip
    Ask a Brazilian: Real Estate Scam
    Ask a Brazilian: Lacking Change and I Touch Myself
    Ask a Brazilian: Tampons
    Ask a Brazilian: A Brazilian CV
    Ask a Brazilian: Gender Stereotypes
    Ask a Brazilian: Answering a Question
    Ask a Brazilian: Revoked Visa
    Ask a Brazilian: Pedestrian Problems
    Ask a Brazilian: Trash
    Ask a Brazilian: Tiles
    Ask a Brazilian: Headlights
    Ask a Brazilian: Differences and Love
    Ask a Brazilian: What Do the Police Do?
    Ask a Brazilian: Contractor Frustrations
    Ask a Brazilian: English Books and Brazilian Boys
    Ask a Brazilian: Cold Cahaca
    Ask a Brazilian: Interruptions
    Ask a Brazilian: Travel and Security Concerns
    Ask a Brazilian: Gestures and Toys
    Ask a Brazilian: Hispanics or Latinos, and Duvets
    Ask a Brazilian: Overbearing Sogros
    Ask a Brazilian: Hotels and Bank Transfers
    Ask a Brazilian: Swimming, Showers and New Year’s
    Ask a Brazilian: Making Friends
    Ask a Brazilian: Female Etiquette
    Ask a Brazilian: Washing Machines
    Ask a Brazilian: Picking Teeth
    Ask a Brazilian: Lozenge or Candy?
    Ask a Brazilian: Liberal or Jealous?
    Ask a Brazilian: Truck Wheels
    Ask a Brazilian: Tolerance
    Ask a Brazilian: Screens
    Ask a Brazilian: Brazilian Wax
    Ask a Brazilian: Flashing Lights
    Ask a Brazilian: Lemon and Limes
    Ask a Brazilian: Shocking Showers

    By Alison McGowan
    July 15, 2009

    The first impression you get when you see Casa Mila is that Gaudi has been to Brazil, and built his own home with a backdrop of sea views and Atlantic forest. And once you get inside you realise your eyes haven’t been entirely deceived. Architect owners, Rafael and Mila built the pousada with Gaudi both in mind and sprit – with all the crazy touches included.

    Casa Mila is a truly hidden pousada. Only a few kilometres off the main highway 101 which runs between Paraty and Ubatuba, it is light years away in terms of tranquility. Perched on a mountain 200 metres above sea level, and miles from any shops or restaurants worth eating in, this is not a place to go without a car, unless you don’t mind a fairly hefty trek up and down to the beaches and restaurants. For those who have transport, Casa Mila is a perfect place to stay and relax in peace, listening to wonderful music, reading books, watching one of the large selection of DVDs or just chilling by the pool.

    About the Location
    The sign off the BR101, between Paraty and Ubatuba, reads Praia da Almada”, but the chances are you won’t see it unless you are looking for it. Once you turn off, Casa Mila is two kilometres further on, right in the state park of Serra do Mar, and 2 kilometres above the former fishing village of Almada. These days there is not much left of the fishing village and on weekends and holidays the beach is packed with visiting Paulistas, but go a bit further to Praia do Engenho and peace and tranquility still reign.

    As this is São Paulo state, most buses seem to go south rather than north, but take or hire a car and the colonial city of Paraty (in Rio de Janeiro state) is only an hour away. Fabulous beaches and islands mixed with historical charm – a wonderful travel combination.

    Not to be Missed
    – beaches of Almada, Felix, Puruba and Justa to the south
    – beaches of Fazenda, Picinguaba, Camburi and Trindade to the north
    – walking the trails through the Atlantic forest down to the beaches
    – visit to historical Paraty

    * fabulous views
    * tranquility
    * hospitality and personal service from Rafael and Mila

    Try a Different Place if…
    … you don’t have a car or you forget the insect repellent

    Alison is a British writer, musician, and marketing consultant, based in Rio de Janeiro. She can be contacted on Visit her site at

    Previous articles by Alison:

    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Casa Beleza, Santa Teresa, Rio de Janeiro
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Bambu Bamboo Pousada and Spa, Parati, Rio de Janeiro
    Random Ramblings on the Weather in Brazil
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Pousada Beijamar, Bahia
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Hotel 7 Colinas, Pernambuco
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Pousada dos Quatro Cantos, Pernambuco
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Pousada Estrela do Mar, Bahia
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Pousada Vivenda, Rio de Janeiro
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Pousada da Terra, Minas Gerais
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Pousada Mirante de Pipa, Rio Grande do Norte
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Pousada do Caju, Alagoas
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Pousada da Amendoeira, Alagoas
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Estalagem Caiuia, Alagoas
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Lagoa do Cassange, Bahia
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Ponta do Muta, Bahia
    Brazil: Hidden Pousadas – Santa Clara, Boipeba, Bahia